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Project Name:


Status: In progress






The world’s urban population in 2014 accounted for 54% of the total global population, up from 34% in 1960, and it continues to grow. The same trend can be noted on the Northern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, where the urbanization rate is expected to reach 72% in 2025.

This trend is accompanied with living styles increasingly depending on cars use, and by sprawling of agglomerations (a process called “peri-urbanisation”). The motorization has offered to an ever-increasing public the possibility to move, as well as encouraged the transfer of jobs, commerce and services towards peripheral areas. The distance of commuting, both by cars and by public transport means, increased as the activities dispersed. In fact, it is forecasted that during the next 30-40 years, the volume of car and lorry traffic will double in numerous European countries, where transport is already responsible for more than 20% of CO2 emissions.

If this is certainly true for all EU cities, MED cities having ports within their municipal boundaries are also faced by both the absence of route alternatives, given the presence of the sea, and the severe impact of port-related commercial activities on the city mobility patterns.

Thus, MED port cities face the challenge to improve their mobility and air quality while at the same time supporting the development of economic activities, such as ports, which are crucial for the economic development and employment of their territories in the current context of low economic growth.

The project area shows all the aforementioned trends, these challenges requiring long-term vision and accurate sustainable mobility planning capacities necessary to develop SUMPs, integrating city- and port-related traffics, which not all MED port cities are currently endowed with, with the ultimate goal of changing mobility patterns by providing sustainable alternatives to their citizens.

In this context, SUMPORT’s main objective is the improvement of sustainable mobility in MED port cities, by fostering the uptake of Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans in the MED area, with a specific focus on integrating city- and port-related traffic flows in the sustainable public transport planning.

On the one hand, MED port cities will enhance their low-carbon planning capacities through the participation in dedicated training seminars for the elaboration of SUMPs, On the other hand, they will also be able to test-bed the notions acquired both by drafting their own SUMPs, where not already available, or updating the existing ones, as well as by simulating and implementing low-carbon mobility pilot actions and small-scale investments, resulting in practical, tangible and end-user-oriented results.


The specific objectives of SUMPORT are as follows:

  • Improving sustainable mobility planning capacities of the public sector promoting the concept of Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans.
  • Integrating the sustainability approach within the long-term mobility planning of MED port cities, through the adoption and update of SUMPs.
  • Providing concrete and efficient low-carbon mobility alternatives to MED port cities’ citizens.


Expected Results:

The main results of the project are following presented:

Improvement of sustainable mobility planning capacity in the MED area, with a specific focus on MED port cities. : As underlined by the Communication of the European Commission 913/2013, SUMPs are an indispensable tool for ensuring the integration of the sustainability approach in a long-term urban mobility planning. Yet, SUMPORT project idea was born from the acknowledgement of slow adoption of SUMPs in the MED area, with some cities at the forefront and others lagging behind.

If this is true for the MED area in general, MED cities having ports within their urban areas have specific challenges as to integrated city and port-originated traffics, requiring SUMPs able to harmonise the needs for more sustainable mobility and to support port-related activities, ensuring prosperity to their territories, paying a specific attention to the different categories of end users).

SUMPORT will improve the planning capacities of MED port cities by providing specific trainings to their public officials for drafting / updating their SUMPs through competent external experts and the exchange of experiences with MED port cities already having or developing their SUMPs.

The content of training will be available to any other MED port city thanks to the e-platform to be developed in WP4 (transferring) ensuring the highest and most cost-effective portability in the MED area.

Increase and improvement of sustainable urban plans in MED port cities. : Despite being the only efficient planning tool to ensure long-term sustainable mobility planning, the concept of SUMP set out in the annex of the above-mentioned EC Communication and the related ELTIS guidelines might discourage municipalities inexperienced in this filed from embarking on such a project.

On the other hand, existing SUMPs are to be understood as living and dynamic documents, which need to be constantly updated as the situations evolve and new needs arise.

SUMPORT will allow the drafting of two new SUMPs in MED port cities (Durres, Albania and Igoumenitsa, Greece) and the update of the current Port Sustainable Mobility Plan of Valencia and related action plan.

The two new SUMPs and the updated PSMP will allow a leverage effect, setting out a long-term horizon of sustainable mobility planning in these MED port cities, which will be transferred to the wider project area in WP Transferring.

Interreg Med Project co-financed by the European Union through the INTERREG MEDITERRANEAN PROGRAMME